Hebrew Synagogue Amends Religious Ruling on Mass COVID19 Vaccinations

Hebrew Synagogue, a Scottish-based authority for its Jewish Community membership has today published an Amendment its Religious Ruling (Psak Din *) on the subject of mass vaccinations; specifically, the COVID19 vaccination, effective for any of its synagogue membership and the individual members of those synagogues, anywhere in the world. The original Ruling was published at this link.

Hebrew Synagogue's Amended Ruling is a response to published accounts associated with the Pfizer vaccine.

The subject of mass vaccinations has been discussed widely within the global Jewish community for many years, with some congregations accepting mass vaccinations generally, while others have taken the view that vaccinations should be considered individually in consultation with a person's private or personal doctor, after weighing all of the published data and taking into consideration the risks involved in the balance against likely or anticipated benefits.

Hebrew Synagogue's original Ruling makes clear that such decisions may only be made by the individual and not on behalf of anyone else.

In the case of COVID19, and the current 2020 pandemic, the risk of contracting the disease, suffering from the associated illness, and the potential for requiring hospitalisation, or the potential for serious lasting illness or death is not universal. The individual health and wellbeing of a person will have a tremendous impact on each stage and the identifiable risk. This is not a one-size-fits-all scenario and therefore, Hebrew Synagogue's position is that the response should not be universal.

The Amendment indicates that according to published and widely reported accounts, during the development and testing period, human fetal tissue was used and that the company sought to hide this fact.

For this reason, the vaccine cannot be recommended for Observant Jews, unless your [individual] life is threatened and it can be shown/proven that without the Pfizer vaccine you will die. Because of the company's apparent dishonest behaviour, other published information sourced from Pfizer cannot be relied upon.

Johnson & Johnson previously confirmed the use of human fetal tissues in its vaccine process, making that vaccine unacceptable for Hebrew Synagogue members.

The concept of Pikuach Nefesh (watching over the soul) is a principle that the preservation of human life overrides virtually every religious rule or ruling. However, there are limitations to the concept. The individual, whose life is to be saved or at risk, must be a specific, identifiable individual, rather than an abstract or potential beneficiary or group of beneficiaries. It is simply not acceptable to require or otherwise encourage the general population to receive vaccination under the guise of protecting others within the community generally, who may or may not be at risk or may not be subject to the same levels of risk.

* Members wishing to receive a religious exemption certificate should contact their Hebrew Synagogue synagogue Rabbi or the Hebrew Synagogue administrative office directly.


Hebrew Synagogue is seen as an advisory body on matters pertaining to religious practice and is widely consulted by many agencies. Affiliate: Beth Israel Synagogue.